Abstract: Before the invention of the artificial sponge, sea sponges were an industrial and household necessity throughout the United States and Europe, where they were put to purposes ranging from surgery to automobile manufacturing and military maintenance. As industrial demand
Winston Du – As Historian James Fichter illustrates in his book So Great a Proffit, American trade in the East Indies was not only voluminous, eclipsing that of almost every other western nation, but also historically significant. The success of these American merchants far from home, Fichter argues, profoundly shaped not only the political economy of the merchant’s own nation, but also that of America’s former mother country – Great Britain.
Robert Yee – The end of 19th century Europe saw the eruption of a new artistic movement that rivaled existing forms of thought. Modernism emerged among certain classes who felt that prior art patterns were too simplistic and conservative in