French history

Valjean’s Escape: Photographs of Haussmann’s Underground Paris

Valjean’s Escape: Photographs of Haussmann’s Underground Paris

(Volume III, Issue 2)
Abstract: While traditional accounts of the Haussmann reconstruction of Paris allege that the reconstruction was completed for military reasons, namely to ensure government control of the city, this paper proposes a second cause: sanitation. By examining the prints of photographer Felix Nadar, it becomes obvious that sanitation played a key role in the Haussman reconstruction.